Economics and Evaluation: Critical Appraisal of Published Economic Evaluations (HE-3)

Date: 10th November 2022, 10.00 am -12.00 pm

Economics and Evaluation: Critical Appraisal of Published Economic Evaluations

10th November 2022, 10.00 am -12.00 pm

In this virtual session, health economics expert Anna Buylova of the Health Economics Unit will lead attendees through a two-hour interactive session.  

Learning Outcomes

This session is designed to provide an understanding of the methodologies underpinning study design, and their limitations. 

Attendees will leave with: 

  • An understanding of sources of bias and what inferences can be made from the results 
  • Knowledge of how to interpret a study or publication, its limitations and how they can be relevant to the local setting 
  • An in-depth understanding of different types of economic studies 
  • Knowledge of tools with which to critically evaluate studies 


To complement this course, we would recommend you attend:

Look out for our other HE training sessions in the coming weeks.


Analysts and those involved or have an interest in evaluation.


Critically appraising data (50 minutes) 

  • Rationale: does the data fit the objective of the study? 
  • Different types of data 
  • Study targets (e.g. patient/proxy, stakeholder/expert) 
  • Quantitative versus qualitative data 
  • Cohort studies versus case studies 
  • Time dimension: prospective, retrospective and cross-sectional 
  • Sources of bias 
  • Missing data 
  • Normalisation and consolidation 
  • Data reporting 

Main features of studies (20 minutes) 

  • Costing methods studies 
  • Health state preference valuation studies 
  • Integrating economic analysis with clinical trials  
  • Study requirements and perspectives of decision-makers 
  • Inferences that can be made based on results 
  • HTA and NICE programmes 

Critical appraisal of studies (20 minutes) 

  • General considerations 
  • Systematic literature reviews 
  • Meta-analysis 
  • Practical application: appraising a concrete example of an article 
  • Transposing to the local context 

Wrap-up (10–30 minutes) 

  • Discussion 
  • Conclusions 
Anna Buylova

Anna Buylova Anna is a passionate health economist with over 10 years of experience in health economics. This includes decision modelling, methodologies of study design and conducting health economic evaluations across a range of diseases, settings and population groups, and measuring determinants of socio-economic inequality in access to healthcare services. She is particularly interested in emerging trends in statistical methodology and in making the most of NHS data to improve care for patients. 

Before joining the Health Economics Unit, Anna worked on the evaluation of innovative medical technologies (including digital health and artificial intelligence technologies) helping the NHS adopt efficient and cost-effective medical devices and diagnostics more rapidly and consistently. This included cost utility, cost consequence, cost-effectiveness (including building de novo Markov models) and budget impact models; as well as delivery of projects funded through NHS AI Lab and Healthcare awards. 

Reading Materials


To complement this course, we would recommend you attend:

This course is free and available to all those working in the Midlands Public Health and Social Care sector , e.g. NHS, Public Health, Local Authority, ICBs

2 hours

Online – delivered via Teams

Date: 10th November 2022, 10.00 am – 12.00 pm

Registration now closed.

Please see further Health Economics sessions from the Health Economics Unit – available to book now!

For more information about this course, please contact:

Training & Development Operational Lead, Rachel Caswell